Not everyone knows that in addition to the Egyptians, including the Sumerians, Assyrians and Babylonians used to bury the dead with a nobler funeral track, which often included jewelrythat the dead man had worn in life and thought could use them in the afterlife.
The major studies on are by Sir Leonard Woolley, who left for Mesopotamia (now Iraq) in 1922 and lived for 5 years extensive excavations in the city of Ur, traditionally considered the first city in the world and, according to the Bible, the Abraham's home. The findings of Woolley were of enormous value: the artisans of the time already produced most of the jewels in the business today: bracelets, rings, earrings, necklaces. The braceletsin particular, were much appreciated by men, who wore too many in each arm, while women of the time, especially the most affluent, were adorned with brooches and tiaras.
The workmanship was still rudimentary and imprecise, but there were already some basic techniques, such as for example the bezel, the ornaments were more developed in the direction of animals and nature, especially as regards charms and amulets; rings and necklaces have rather abstract or geometric designs.
Farther north in Phoenician and in Anatolia, the land of the Hittites, and to the east, in Persia, the techniques were more advanced and the availability of metals, including precious, much more: we have examples of granulation, filigree, embedded with gems and also glazing, according to the main practices that are used today.